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  • Colorful mask dances during festivals serve dual purposes: Entertainment and Medium of Religious Teachings
  • The majestic Punakha Dzong: Showcasing the beauty and intricacy of Bhutanese architecture
  • Bhutan has more than 5400 species of plants.
  • Despite its small geographical area, Bhutan has about 770 species of birds

Religion & Culture

It is estimated that between two-thirds and three-quarters of the Bhutanese population follow Vajrayana Buddhism, which is also the state religion. About one-quarter to one-third are followers of Hinduism. Other religions account for less than 1% of the population.

Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan in the 7th century AD. Tibetan king Songtsän Gampo (reigned 627–649), a convert to Buddhism, ordered the construction of two Buddhist temples, at Bumthang in central Bhutan and at Kyichu Lhakhang (near Paro) in the Paro Valley. Buddhist saint Padma Sambhava (also known as Guru Rinpoche) came to Bhutan in 747. He taught and spread Buddhism throughout the kingdom. Later, many accomplished masters spread Buddhism and build many temples and monasteries in Bhutan.