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  • Colorful mask dances during festivals serve dual purposes: Entertainment and Medium of Religious Teachings
  • The majestic Punakha Dzong: Showcasing the beauty and intricacy of Bhutanese architecture
  • Bhutan has more than 5400 species of plants.
  • Despite its small geographical area, Bhutan has about 770 species of birds

Location

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia located at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. To the west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of Sikkim, while further south it is separated from Bangladesh by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal. Bhutan lies between latitudes 26° and 29°N, and longitudes 88° and 93°E. Bhutan's capital and largest city is Thimphu.

Location map of Bhutan
Map of Bhutan showing its neighboring countries.

The land consists mostly of steep and high mountains crisscrossed by a network of swift rivers, which form deep valleys before draining into the Indian plains. Elevation rises from 200 m (660 ft) in the southern foothills to more than 7,000 m (23,000 ft). This great geographical diversity combined with equally diverse climate conditions contributes to Bhutan's outstanding range of biodiversity and ecosystems.

Most peaks in the north are over 7,000 m (23,000 ft) above sea level; the highest point in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum at 7,570 metres (24,840 ft), which has the distinction of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The lowest point, at 98 m (322 ft), is in the valley of Drangme Chhu, where the river crosses the border with India. Watered by snow-fed rivers, alpine valleys in this region provide pasture for livestock, tended by a sparse population of migratory shepherds.

Bhutan is divided into twenty Dzongkhags (districts).