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  • Colorful mask dances during festivals serve dual purposes: Entertainment and Medium of Religious Teachings
  • The majestic Punakha Dzong: Showcasing the beauty and intricacy of Bhutanese architecture
  • Bhutan has more than 5400 species of plants.
  • Despite its small geographical area, Bhutan has about 770 species of birds

Flora & Fauna

Despite its small geographical area, Bhutan boasts rich natural biodiversity. Bhutan is home is some of the most endangered species of birds and animals.

Bhutan has a rich primate life, with rare species such as the golden langur. A variant Assamese macaque has also been recorded, which is regarded by some authorities as a new species, Macaca munzala.

The Bengal tiger, greater one-horned rhinoceros, clouded leopard, hispid hare and the sloth bear live in the lush tropical lowland and hardwood forests in the south. In the temperate zone, grey langur, tiger, Indian leopard, goral and serow are found in mixed conifer, broadleaf and pine forests. Fruit bearing trees and bamboo provide habitat for the Himalayan black bear, red panda, squirrel, sambar, wild pig and barking deer. The alpine habitats of the great Himalayan range in the north are home to the snow leopard, blue sheep, marmot, Tibetan wolf, antelope, Himalayan musk deer and the takin, Bhutan's national animal. The endangered wild water buffalo occurs in southern Bhutan, although in small numbers.

More than 770 species of bird have been recorded in the kingdom. Globally endangered birds like White-winged Duck, White-bellied Heron and Black-necked crane are found in Bhutan. More than 5,400 species of plants are known to occur throughout the kingdom.